Theory and methodology
- Baburin V.L. Duo-spatial model of the territorial organization of society
New approach to the analysis and modeling of self-organization processes in large territorial natural-economic systems is suggested based on the integration of a traditional factor model of productive forces allocation and a model of innovation diffusion. The integral model makes it possible to describe the entirety of processes of territorial organization at different stages of the innovation cycle. The results of model testing for sugar industry and sell communication are discussed.
Methods of geographical studies
Radar imagery is used for studying the Earth for more than 40 years. At present technical means of radar sensing, methods of radar imagery processing and relevant software are rapidly improved. Publications on radar images and their application for geographical investigations were summarized and the most rapidly developing radar interferometry deserved special attention. Numerous examples of using radar information for studying and monitoring different natural and technogenic processes are discussed.
Present-day knowledge about geological and geomorphologic effects of surging glaciers is reviewed basing mainly on foreign publications. Genesis of such forms as push-moraines, “crevasse-fill” ridges, concertina eskers, fluted moraine and hummocky moraine is discussed in brief. Possible use of these forms as indicators of paleosurges is evaluated. Further studies of geological and geomorphologic effects of surging glaciers are necessary, as well as the elaboration of efficient diagnostic criteria to identify paleosurges.
Techniques of the investigation of geomorphologic infrastructure of deep lithosphere non-uniformities of different organizational levels are described. The procedures include both the ordinary tonometric modeling on images and examination of complex interactions of tonometric, morphostructural, geophysical and geochemical anomalies analyzed in quantitative terms. Application of the procedures at the megastructural level of complex modeling could provide unexpected new results on the genesis and location of new potentially ore-bearing areas. At the level of small structural forms the procedures could be applied to prospect for new productive structural units within already developed ore-bearing areas.
The most questionable episode of the Black Sea-Azov Sea basin, i.e. the I millennium B.C., is discussed. It was the period of mass Greek colonization which took part under paleogeographic situation of the so-called Phanagorian regression when the sea level drastically lowered by 2 to 12 m. The same period was characterized by the general sea level rise for the Mediterranean Sea. The analysis of eustatic curves drawn for different parts of the coast and the location of ancient settlements has led the author to the conclusion about misrecognition of the Phanagorian regression. According to the curves representing the changes for the Mediterranean Sea the regressive stage took place in-between the I and the II millennia B.C. It probably correlated with the Phanagorian regression described for the Black Sea-Azov Sea basin. Misdating and miscalling of the regression could be attributed to loosy calculations and imperfect procedures applied by the Russian scientists.
Demidov A.N., Myslenkov S.A., Gritsenko V.A., Chugayevich V.Ya., Sultanov P.A., Pisareva M.N., Silverstova K.P., Polukhin A.A. Specific features of water structure and dynamics within the coastal part of the Baltic Sea near the Sambian Peninsula
Water structure and dynamics within the coastal part of the Baltic Sea near the Sambian Peninsula are studied using the observation data. Thermohaline structure and parameters of the thermocline and mixed layer were determined for several areas near the coast. Current velocities and directions were measured within several sections under varying wind situations. The results of measurements were compared with satellite data for the period of a local upwelling event. The findings could become an important contribution to the marine part of the GIS which is under development for the Kaliningrad oblast.
The problem of population and economy security against the growing damage from natural disasters has recently gained an increasingly higher interest. The article deals with the principal hydrogeological disasters within the Volga River basin. Procedures of evaluation of these phenomena in terms of the risk degree are suggested. Their cumulative impact on safe nature management within vast areas differing in the set of hydrogeological disasters and their intensity is evaluated.
A system of procedures for the short-term forecasting of water discharge and level has been elaborated for the Kuban River basin. It provides for mathematical description of the movement and transformation of summer and spring flood waves in the channel network basing on the hydrometeorological observation data. A system of procedures for the long-term forecasting of the monthly river discharge during the winter low-water period could be applied for the optimization of water management planning within the Kuban River basin.
History of science
Jubilee of Valentina Fedorovna Maksimova
Jubilee of Irina Mikhailovna Kuzina
To the 90th birthday of Emil Borisovich Valev
To the 80th birthday of Evgeny Naumovich Pertsik
To the 75th birthday of Alexander Nikolayevich Bozhinsky